INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE IN BUILDING AND IMPLEMENTING THE CULTURAL POLICIES IN PROMOTE THE SOFT POWER OF OF CULTURE OF THE US AND CHINA

Main Article Content

Khanh Tiet Pham
Tung Thanh Diep

Abstract

The world is changing rapidly, the power of countries is shifting from traditional "hard power" to taking advantage of "soft power", including the strength aspect of culture. This article focuses on reviewing cultural approaches and the role of cultural policies in promoting national soft power. In particular, the experiences of the US and China in formulating, implementing cultural policies and promoting the soft power of culture are respectively emphasized. The lesson that can be learned from changes in the world situation is that the role of culture and soft power has always been an important force in the foreign policy of countries. The
real prestige of a country formed through the process of international relations and cultural promotion is considered as a solid foundation of soft power. That prestige can be built from the good cultural values that the country has, pursues and influences other countries.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Pham, K. and Diep, T. (2020) “INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE IN BUILDING AND IMPLEMENTING THE CULTURAL POLICIES IN PROMOTE THE SOFT POWER OF OF CULTURE OF THE US AND CHINA”, The Scientific Journal of Tra Vinh University, 1(41), pp. 34-44. doi: 10.35382/18594816.1.41.2020.652.
Section
Articles

References

[1] UCLG (The World Organization of United Cities and Local Governments). Culture in the sustainable development goals: A guide for local action; 2018.
[2] UN (United Nation). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015; 2015.
[3] Joseph S. Nye Jr. Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power; 1990.
[4] Nicolae Hanes, Adriana Andrei, editors. Culture as soft power in internatioal relations. International Conference Knowledge-based organization. DeGruyter; 2015.
[5] Chinadaily. Hu urges enhancing ’soft power’ of Chinese culture. Chinadaily; 2007.
[6] Chinadaily. China’s soft power is on the rise. Chinadaily; 2018.
[7] Helen Spencer-Oatey. What is culture? A compilation of quotations. GlobalPAD Core Concepts; 2012.
[8] Langi Kavaliku. Culture and Sustainable Development in the Pacific. In: Culture and Sustainable Development in the Pacific: ANU PressAntony. Hooper (Editor); 2005.
[9] UNESCO (The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). Culture: a driver and an enabler of sustainable development: Thematic Think Piece; 2012.
[10] OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development). Culture and local development; 2018.
[11] UNESCO (The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). The role of culture in peace and reconciliation; 2013.
[12] Holik G. G. Paper Tiger? Chinese soft power in East Asia. Political Science Quaterly. 2011; 126(2):223–54.
[13] Ivanov V. G. "Charts Power" as an instrument of political and economic influence: conceptual analysis, strategies of use and the counteraction models; 2016.
[14] Kovba D. M. Theoretical and practical adaptation of the concept of "soft power” by the East Asian countries. Prostranstvo i vremia. 2014; 4(18):111–8.
[15] Portland. Soft Power 30: A global ranking of soft power 2018; 2019.
[16] Guan Ping Qin, Hao Wei, Xi Wang. Culture Industry Policy in China and the United States: A Comparative Analysis: Kennesaw State University; 2009.
[17] People’s Daily. “Fourth Media” to See Fast Growth, Internet Users to Top 200 Million by 2005; 2001.
[18] Edward Papazian. Television ’97. New York: Media Dynamics Inc.; 1997.
[19] Rongting Zhi. A Historic Study of the Media Industrialization in the West. Guangdong: Guangdong People’s Publishing House; 2004.
[20] Kim Mcavoy. The B&C 25. Media Groups; 2003.
[21] Joseph S. Nye Jr. Soft Power and American Foreign Policy. Political Science Quarterly. 2004; 119(2):255–70.
[22] Eurobarometer. Eurobarometer 59: Public opinion in the European Union; 2003.
[23] Fouad Ajami. The Falseness of Anti-Americanism. Foreign Policy; 2003.
[24] Eric X. Li. The Rise and Fall of Soft Power. Foreign Policy; 2018.
[25] Yongjin Han. Review and Revelation on the Reform of China’s Cultural System; 2005.
[26] Weihong Zhang. China’s cultural future: from soft power to comprehensive national power. International Journal of Cultural Policy. 2010; 16(4):383–402.
[27] Zhu Y, Nakajima S. The evolution of Chinese Film as an industry. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press; 2010.
[28] Hesmondhalgh, Andy. Cultural Industries and Cultural Policies. International Journal of Cultural Policy. 2005; 11(1):1–13.
[29] Antonios Vlassi. Soft power, global governance of cultural industries and rising powers: the case of China. International Journal of Cultural Policy. 2013; 22(4):481-496.
[30] Enfu Cheng. Studies on Cultural Economies. Shanghai: Shanghai University of Finance; 1999.
[31] Jihua Yang. Review and reflection on China’s culture industry policy since 1978. Journal of Shanghai Administration Institute. 2006; 7(6):15-20.
[32] Đại Hải. Tập đoàn Trung Quốc thâu tóm chuỗi rạp phim AMC của Mĩ. Vietnamplus; 2012.
[33] Mimi Yang. Crossing between the Great Wall of China and the “Great” Trump Wall. Palgrave Communications. 2017; 3(1):25.
[34] Asit K. Biswas. Africa: China Steps Into Soft Power Vacuum As the U.S. Retreats Under Trump. Allafrica;2018.
[35] Kurlantzick J. Charm Offensive: How China’s soft power is transforming the world. New Haven: Yale University Press; 2007.
[36] Cho Y., Jeong J. China’s Soft Power: Discussions, Resources, and Prospects. Asian Survey. 2008; 48(3):453–72.